German Spitz VS Pomeranian – Know the Difference
Both are undeniably adorable toy to small breeds, but there are a few key differences that differentiate the two breeds. They look alike because these Spitz type dogs come from the same lineage. However, over the years they have also developed some subtle differences. Let’s take a look at how to identify dogs of these breeds in clearer detail.
The German Spitz
Let’s start by introducing the German Spitz, which is actually the larger of the two. The breed originates from Pomerania, and they reportedly go as far back as the 15th century, although it was really in the 18th century that these dogs experienced a surge in popularity.
What a lot of people do not understand is the term “Spitz” is a broad one that encompasses many breeds including the Pom. Other dog breeds that fall under this umbrella term include the Keeshond, American Eskimo (not recognized as a different breed by most kennel clubs) and the Mittel Spitz.
When referring to a German Spitz, it could be pertaining to many different types of dogs, but most people think about the German Spitz Mittel, which is what we will use for comparison.
The Pomeranian, as the name suggest, is also from Pomerania, a province in Germany. Like other smaller German Spitz breeds, the Pom gained popularity due to their adorable appearance. They were especially loved among noblemen and women in the 18th century with notable owners such as Queen Victoria herself.
Pomeranian VS German Spitz (Mittel)
Now we’re going to take a deep dive into the identifying characteristics of both breeds to help you understand the differences. Despite their very similar resemblance, they are two very different dogs.
First, lets take into account the physical dissimilarities. While both being considered a small breed, the Pomeranian is the smaller of the two and more likely to reach “toy” statures. A typical German Spitz is around 12 to 15 inches in height, which is from the paw to the shoulder. The Pom on the other hand, is around 7.
As with many other breeds and animals in general, the males are a tad larger, but since both dogs are so miniature, the difference is miniscule between the genders.
Considering the German Spitz is twice as tall as the Pom, they are also much heavier than their smaller canine friends. A German Spitz weighs in around 25 pounds on average, with some being smaller and others being larger. The Pomeranian is quite a bit lighter only around 7-10 pounds. There are tiny versions called teacup Poms that can be as small as 3-5 pounds!
As for their facial features, the Pom has a flatter face and shorter snout compared to the German Spitz, which possesses a longer more fox-like face. As a Spitz-type dog, they both have ever-smiling faces, perky ears and curled tails. However, the Pomeranian’s tail can lay flatter on their backs compared to the rounder curve of the German Spitz tail.
Another crucial disparity between the two breeds is the coat. They both look very poofy and cuddly with double coats to protect against their cold origins, but the outer coat of the German Spitz is coarse fur, while the Pom exhibits a much softer and longer one to give it more of a teddy bear puffy look.
As double-coated canines, they need more grooming than most. Aside from the ear cleaning and nail trimming, they require constant brushing, which could also help during shedding season to minimize loose hairs running rampant.
If you’re wondering which breed is more suitable for you, then the temperament is the key. However, with the German Spitz and Pomeranian, they both display very similar temperaments. They are playful, loving and affectionate dogs but do have a streak of stubbornness, as with most Spitz-types.
They have a lot of energy and are very curious. But thankfully, unlike their Husky cousins, their rambunctiousness is easier to handle. Once they get their energy out, they can be quite cuddly lap dogs.
Both these dogs are great with people and other animals, although some can be a bit jealous. They are the perfect definition of a small package with a whole lot of courage. Their inquisitive nature often gets the best of their spidey-sense for danger.
One more thing to be aware of is these breeds are very vocal. Like their larger Husky counterparts, they will speak their mind. Howling is less common but barking can be a daily event.
As said, they can have a stubborn streak but are both very intelligent. With the right training and socialization, which you can click here to learn more about, any breed can grow up to be a well-rounded adult. Training should begin as early as the day you bring them home. Lots of patience, consistency, love, and positive reinforcement will do the trick.
For the tiny-tots that they are, the German Spitz and Pomeranian are both very healthy dogs. However, the tiny Pom could be susceptible to patella luxation, which means their joints can dislocate. This usually happens when they jump down from higher places, so keep an eye on them. We would recommend annual checkups at a trusted vet.
For these dogs, they have what seems to be an endless source of energy, and are famed for the constant execution of “zoomies”. This occurs when dogs have a sudden surge of energy, which literally sends them zooming around at speeds that make it seem like they are bouncing off the walls.
To help them have an outlet for all this pent up liveliness, make sure your tiny toy-sized Pom gets at least 30 min of exercise a day or a walk around the neighborhood. For the larger German Spitz, they can do with 30 min to an hour. If they need more, both breeds will let you know either with constant attention-seeking or the zoomies.
Remember, a tired dog is a quiet dog! Not only that, but one that has had enough exercise will be better behaved.